Raccoons have continually adapted to the urban and suburban life and are usually seen in parks, yards or neighborhoods. Despite their cute look and their elevated euphoria, they are aggressive wild animals that can aid in spreading several diseases through scratches, bites or even through indirect contact. Their increased adaptation to living suburbs has increased the risk of contracting the disease. The diseases they transmit can affect both human beings and pets.
Here are some diseases raccoons can transmit
This is an infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and the brain of human beings. The disease can be prevented, but it can almost never be treated. The disease travels to the brain and leads to fevers, seizures, and hallucination. If a raccoon has the disease, the disease is present in its saliva. Therefore, an infected raccoon can transfer the disease through bites and scratches. Rabies is very lethal, but they are only a few confirmed cases of raccoon transmitted rabies that has resulted in death.
Various roundworms carry a type of roundworm called baylisascariasis. Raccoons pass baylisascariasis eggs through their feces. Human beings and others animals can be infected if they accidentally swallow these eggs either through contaminated water or soil. Roundworms can lead to serious health issues as they affect the brain and also can impair the various body organs. The most extreme effect of roundworms may be the loss of vision and even coma.
The disease is caused by Leptospira bacteria and can affect both human beings and other animals. They excrete this microorganism through their urine and as long as this bacterium is in contact with water, it remains viable. The disease has symptoms similar to the flu. The infection attacks the kidney and the liver. The kidney loses its ability to regulate the acid-base balance and in the liver, the infection can cause jaundice.
The salmonella bacteria are usually found in raccoon feces and can be transmitted to humans if they come into contact with this bacterium and subsequently ingest it. The bacterium has one inherent characteristic of laying dominant in a dry environment for an extended period and then become active under favorable conditions. Salmonella poisoning can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, and fever.
This is a plague-like disease that is common in marshy areas. Raccoons acquire this disease when they eat small rodents. Human beings can get this disease by handling carcasses of infected raccoons. Its infection causes the tips of the fingers to swell. Rubbing the eyes can also spread the germ and cause painful swelling of the eye.
Racoons have proved to be very dangerous to both human beings and pets. To evade their harmful effects, it is paramount for any individuals to use gloves while handling racoons whether dead or alive. The gloves should be thick enough to prevent any incidences of scratches or bites. It is also vital to make sure that water consumed is treated or thoroughly boiled to kill any microorganisms spread by racoons through water.